Glen Sallows

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Glen Sallows
Green Bay
Autism Specialty
1141 W. Main Ave., Suite 201
De Pere

What is Autism and how is it caused?

Autism is thought to be a disorder of early brain development, with some symptoms observable during the first year of life, such as poor response to one’s name. Although, up to 50% of parents report no problems until 18 months, many of these children are found to have shown subtle symptoms earlier. Autism is a largely genetic condition, occurring much more often in boys (4:1 ratio to girls) and much more often in both twins (up to 90%) than in two siblings (10-15%). Proposed environmental causes such as the MMR vaccine, mercury, yeast or food allergies have not been supported by research.


Can Autism be treated?

From about the age of 1½ to 6-10 years, the brain of a child has roughly 10 times as many nerve connections as that of an adult. During these years, children can learn rapidly if they are presented with repeated opportunities. A child learns that an adult is fun through physical play that the child enjoys, therefore building social relating. Similarly, a child learns to imitate and use speech by trying to copy the word “up” when an adult does something fun like picking him up into the air. Parents can build skills in many areas using these strategies. 


What does Autism Spectrum Disorder mean?

This term refers to all children with autistic symptoms, while acknowledging that these symptoms can be present in varying degrees. Children who show mild deficits in all three areas characteristic of autism (language, social interaction and unusual or rigid behavior) are diagnosed with PDD-NOS. That is, they have a Pervasive Developmental Disorder but don’t meet the criteria for any specific sub-diagnosis such as autism. Children with clear deficits in all three areas are diagnosed with autism. Children with fairly intact language (3-word phrases by age 3), but who still have social interaction deficits and rigidities/preoccupations with a specific area of interest, are diagnosed with Asperger’s Disorder.


What is Aspergers Syndrome? How is it different from Autism?

Aspergers Syndrome is part of the Autism spectrum. Individuals with Aspergers have many more developed skills and abilities than people diagnosed with full Autism. The major symptom of Aspergers Syndrome is difficulty in understanding and participating in social relationships. There are often restricted or repetitive patterns of behavior interest and activities, sometimes featuring areas of very high interest. There is usually no significant delay in speech or language and no significant cognitive disability. In treating Aspergers, it is important to target social deficits and to specifically teach social interaction skills through one to one and group interactions.  

Glen Sallows
Glen Sallows

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